Abuse and Neglect: An Orientation

Child abuse and neglect are severe issues, affecting the most vulnerable section of the population and often causing permanent trauma. As such, it is critical for a hospital worker to understand how to deal with the victims of such conduct. That means awareness of the definition, prevention, intervention, treatment and reporting of child abuse and neglect. The purpose of this orientation is to define all of the above and provide additional resources for self-study.

Definition of Child Abuse

The federal government defines child abuse and neglect as “at a minimum, any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker, which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation, or an act or failure to act which presents an imminent risk of serious harm” (US Congress, p. 6).

The state of Florida defines abuse as “any willful act or threatened act that results in any physical, mental, or sexual abuse, injury, or harm that causes or is likely to cause a child’s physical, mental, or emotional health to be significantly impaired. Abuse of a child includes acts or omissions”. Neglect is defined as “when a child is deprived of, or is allowed to be deprived of, necessary food, clothing, shelter, or medical treatment; or a child is permitted to live in an environment when such deprivation or environment causes the child’s physical, mental, or emotional health to be significantly impaired or to be in danger of being significantly impaired. Neglect of a child includes acts or omissions”.

Prevention of Child Abuse

There are three levels of child abuse prevention activities: primary, secondary and tertiary. Each successive level focuses on a narrower section of the population with a higher risk of abuse occurring. Nurses are involved in all three levels to some extent and therefore have to be aware of what they represent.

Primary prevention is directed at the general population, raising awareness of child abuse. While it is mostly performed in the form of public service announcements, there are also state-funded parent education and family strengthening programs. Nurses work in such programs in the role of assistants and sometimes educators, informing parents about the potential risks and ways to avoid them.

Secondary prevention programs are offered to populations with a higher chance of child abuse occurring. Such risk is usually associated with poverty, substance abuse, young age, mental issues in parents, and disabilities in parents as well as children. Additional informational programs are available to them, but home visits, respite care, and family resource centers have all proven themselves impactful, as shown, for example, by Goldberg, Bumgarner, and Jacobs (2016). Naturally, nurses take the central role in all of these, as their skills in providing and teaching care are vital to the idea.

Finally, tertiary prevention programs are aimed at families where maltreatment has already occurred and have the goal of reducing the negative consequences as well as avoiding recurrence. At this level, nurses are mostly relegated to assistance, as the harm already done requires trained professionals to address it. They provide services such as family preservation counseling, mental health treatments, and parent support and mentor programs.

Detection of Child Abuse

The Child Welfare Information Gateway (2013) provides a significant list of signs that indicate a child might be suffering from abuse. The symptoms can be divided into three different categories: emotional, behavioral and physical. A nurse has to be watchful for all three groups when supervising children.

Emotional signs include extremes in behavior, reluctance to be near a specific person, sudden changes in appetite, quick attachment to strangers and acting strangely adult or childish. Behavioral signs include attempting to delay or avoid going home, begging for or stealing money, abusing animals or pets and frequent absences from school. Lastly, physical symptoms include unexplained injuries, particularly after absences from school, acting scared of the parents or adults in general, difficulty with walking or sitting, and sudden refusals to participate in physical activities.

Intervention, Treatment, and Reporting

In the state of Florida, anyone who knows or has cause to suspect that a child is being abused must report it. They do not have to identify themselves unless they are a professionally mandated reporter, such as a teacher, health care worker or law enforcement officer. The information can be reported to statewide hotlines, child protective services or law enforcement agencies. Treatment resources available in Florida include the Florida Abuse Hotline, Florida Coalition Against Domestic Violence, and the Ounce of Prevention Fund of Florida.

Differences between Abuse and Neglect

Child abuse and neglect are commonly grouped and viewed as one entity. However, the two are somewhat different when considered from a nurse’s standpoint. The difference lies primarily in the harm caused to the child, the treatment, and the signs and symptoms displayed.

The reporting requirements for child abuse and neglect are the same, being grouped under maltreatment. However, the specific types of the two differ somewhat, with abuse having a sexual subtype and neglect having medical and educational aspects. The treatments are similar because abuse and neglect cause unpredictable reactions in children, requiring a broad overarching treatment program to identify and resolve all possible issues.

Children who suffered sexual abuse have to be tested for sexually transmitted diseases and HIV as well as offered support and reassurance in case of pregnancy. In general, victims of physical and sexual abuse should undergo a thorough medical exam and receive psychological help regarding the injuries. Neglected children, however, need more attention paid to their mental issues, such as loss of self-esteem or dependent behavior.


Child abuse is a significant issue, and a nurse is expected to be able to handle every aspect of it. As such, they have to be aware of everything that pertains to the prevention, detection, and handling of such situations. Thoroughly learning all of this information is critical, as a nurse will likely have to utilize it at some point in their work.


US Congress (2011). S. 3817 — 111th Congress: CAPTA Reauthorization Act of 2010. Washington, DC.

Goldberg, J., Bumgarner, E., & Jacobs, F. (2016). Measuring program-and individual-level fidelity in a home visiting program for adolescent parents. Evaluation and program planning55(C), 163-173.

Child Welfare Information Gateway. (2013). What is child abuse and neglect? Recognizing the signs and symptoms. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Children’s Bureau.

What Will You Get?

Essaywriter.fun is a professional writing service for anyone who needs help with their essay, research paper, or other writing assignments. We provide high-quality content at an affordable price, in a convenient and timely manner.

Premium Quality

Get result-oriented writing and worry no longer about your marks. We adhere to the highest quality standards to ensure you receive flawless assignments. Every essay or paper we complete is thoroughly checked before it reaches the customer--we have a strict quality assurance process in place to produce only the best work.

Expert Writers

Our writers have experience working with papers at all academic levels. You can confidently rely on our skilled professionals' knowledge. We understand that not everyone has the time they need to meet deadlines--to make it easier for our customers, we offer 24/7 support through different channels such as live chat and email so that there's always help when you need it.

On-Time Delivery

Your deadline is our success metric, and we take it extremely seriously. We ensure that you receive your papers before the deadline you choose. You can order an essay and have it delivered to you within 3 hours! If that's not enough for you, we also offer a 24-hour rush option. Don't sweat it! Our writing service can help you brainstorm, find interesting topics, or even do all the work for you. All you have to do is give us a topic and our professional writers will take care of the rest in no time at all.

24/7 Customer Support

There is always a member of our customer service staff available to react to your inquiries. Contact us if you have any questions or concerns. We have access to thousands of experts in multiple fields of study and we have been providing our services for years now. You will never have to worry about quality again — our essays are always original and well-researched. We understand the struggle - we've been there too. That's why we offer our customers 24/7 customer support and fixed prices that are always transparent.

Total Confidentiality

Relax while we help you with the writing of your essays. We have a strict policy regarding the confidentiality of your personal and order-related information. We offer a variety of payment methods including credit cards and PayPal which allows for fast transfer of funds into your account after ordering. You can also make payments at any time using your credit card or when funds are due using PayPal automatic withdrawal from your bank account or credit card balance without having to log into your account.

Authentic Sources

We guarantee that your essay will be thoroughly screened for plagiarism and grammatical issues, as we only use credible, trusted sources. At Essaywriter.fun, everything is done according to your instructions - that means no plagiarism will ever be detected. That also means more money in your pocket as well as a perfect paper to submit as your own work.

Moneyback Guarantee

Still hesitating to place an order? Our 100% Money-Back Guarantee protects you in the unlikely event that you are not happy with the writing.

Preferred essay writer

At any time, hire your favourite essay writer. Simply indicate if you would like your favourite expert to compose your paper, and we will make it happen. We only select the best, most qualified essay writers to join our team. These people have years of experience in essays, research papers, term papers, dissertations, and more. We also prefer to hire essay writers with English as their first language as we want your satisfaction to be guaranteed every time.


Areas of Expertise

Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.

Areas of Expertise

Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.


Trusted Partner of 9950+ Students for Writing

Priority is given to customer pleasure, and we try every day to enhance custom essay writing. We ensure that only the most qualified and knowledgeable writer will complete your project. Your directions will be followed precisely, including all specifics. Editors will proofread each sentence, correct typos, and rectify grammatical and lexical errors.

Professional Essay Writer at Your Service

Quality over quantity is a tenet that Essaywriter adheres to. Our team is the best of the best. In addition, we select writers based on their academic credentials, enabling us to increase the overall field specialization depth! This version enables consumers to buy an essay or any other type of project from our fast paper writing service; just be sure to select the most qualified writer.

Write My Essay Service Helps You Excel!

If you are seeking for a reliable essay writing service that can complete a lengthy report for a reasonable fee, you have come to the perfect place. We recognize that each client has distinct requirements, thus we will tailor each product to meet those specifications! We recognize that it is difficult to balance everything in the agenda. By using our expert writing service, you will no longer need to wonder, "Who can help me with my essay?".


Compared to other essay writing services, our firm cares about its customers and offers premium services that are affordable for any budget. We understand how challenging it can be for students to earn or save money, therefore our costs begin at just $13.99 per page. Because of this, we have a large number of repeat customers that utilize our services frequently. Essaywriter's objective is to provide a cheap online essay service.

Plagiarism Report

You no longer need to be worried about plagiarism. Get a plagiarism report to validate the originality of your work.

Free Features $66FREE

  • Most Qualified Writer $10FREE
  • Plagiarism Scan Report $10FREE
  • Unlimited Revisions $08FREE
  • Paper Formatting $05FREE
  • Cover Page $05FREE
  • Referencing & Bibliography $10FREE
  • Dedicated User Area $08FREE
  • 24/7 Order Tracking $05FREE
  • Periodic Email Alerts $05FREE

Our Services

Join us for the best experience while seeking writing assistance in your college life. A good grade is all you need to boost up your academic excellence and we are all about it.

  • On-time Delivery
  • 24/7 Order Tracking
  • Access to Authentic Sources
Academic Writing

We create perfect papers according to the guidelines.

Professional Editing

We seamlessly edit out errors from your papers.

Thorough Proofreading

We thoroughly read your final draft to identify errors.


Hire Your Personal Essay Writer Today

With our essay service, you'll find an essay writer for any task. Their rating is based on previous customer reviews and successful orders. Before you hire a writer, you can familiarize yourself with their track record in detail!

Check Out Our Sample Work

Dedication. Quality. Commitment. Punctuality


It May Not Be Much, but It’s Honest Work!

Here is what we have achieved so far. These numbers are evidence that we go the extra mile to make your college journey successful.


Happy Clients


Words Written This Week


Ongoing Orders


Customer Satisfaction Rate

Process as Fine as Brewed Coffee

We have the most intuitive and minimalistic process so that you can easily place an order. Just follow a few steps to unlock success.

See How We Helped 9000+ Students Achieve Success


Why students choose Essaywriter Essay writing service?

Essaywriter is a reputable, trustworthy, rapid, and well regarded online essay writing service that offers cheap, high-quality papers. We offer an exceptional service and a multitude of outstanding features, including:

Our authors offer the greatest essay writing service since they hold degrees in a variety of fields. From MBA to law to nursing to business, we cover nearly every degree. Our writers can compose any type of essay, including creative, critical, and scientific articles. We employ the greatest writers in the United States to ensure that you obtain the best essay writing services.

  • Clear elicitation of your requirements.
  • Customized writing as per your needs.

Essaywriter Offers an Outstanding Essay Writing Service with No Risks

We recognize that ordering an essay online may appear intimidating. There is a possibility that the quality or formatting will be inadequate. When working with tight schedules, these dangers cannot be tolerated. Therefore, we evaluate the degrees and qualifications of our authors before hiring them. Our writers are actual persons, and we evaluate samples of their past work to ensure that it corresponds to all American university criteria. We mitigate the hazards, so you can feel secure knowing you're collaborating with a reliable professional essay writing service.

  • Proactive analysis of your writing.
  • 24/7 proffesional customer service.

Hire a Skilled Essay Writer and Get More Done!

Are you entirely overwhelmed by work? Having difficulty juggling everyday, work, and other responsibilities? You've come to the right location, as we will alleviate your concerns. Request "write my paper for me," and we will provide you with access to hundreds of competent and experienced writers. Choose an essay writer, provide them with all of your instructions, and then catch up on work or other responsibilities, secure in the knowing that you will receive a high-quality assignment before the deadline.

  • 100 percent unique content based on the instructions you provide.
  • we offer top-notch essay writing service to boost your grades.
Place an Order Start Chat Now