Researching of Achievement Goal Theory

An individual’s internal sense of ability and the way others perceive their capability are fundamental factors that influence success in diverse activities, including sports. Different perspectives have been developed to understand better athletes’ motivation and its impact on their performance. The achievement goal theory (AGT) is one of the most interesting concepts that explain why some people perform better than others in different situations.

According to AGT, an individual’s performance in achievement-related activities fluctuates in their participation level directed towards ego or task goals. Therefore, a person can be more or less ego and task involved at different periods during their task engagement. Bruner et al. (2020) indicate that the theory is based on the idea that variations in people’s judgment of their ability and definition of successful accomplishments are vital for understanding athletes’ motivational process. The perceived motivational climate in sports influences the process of setting and pursuing goals regardless of whether an athlete can be said to be task or ego-oriented. Persons can have a high task/high ego, low task/low ego, low task/high ego, and high task/low ego orientation during their sporting activity participation, significantly influencing their behaviors and outcomes (Duda & Treasure, n.d.). Indeed, an interaction between an individual’s intrapersonal level and motivational climate generated by such social agents as parents, coaches, and peers determines goals’ achievement.

At an intrapersonal level, AGT proposes that people develop a higher likelihood overtime to regard ability as ego or task-oriented within a particular achievement context. According to Bruner et al. (2020), considerable evidence supports the belief that high levels of task orientation lead to positive behavioral, cognitive, and affective outcomes at the individual level. On the contrary, neutral or less optimal results, especially in the low perception of competence, are evident when one is more inclined towards the ego. Alternatively, circumstances created by social agents determine whether a person will be task or ego-involved in achieving particular goals. For instance, parents, coaches, and peers have a considerable role in creating task-involving environments for sports competitors. They accentuate effort, self-referenced improvement, and compliant learning. Conversely, individuals generate ego-involving situations when they focus on winning, emphasize outshining others, and have a perception of preferential treatment to others as well as punishment for any mistake (Duda & Appleton, 2016). Therefore, such factors as interpersonal interaction, sanctions and rewards, evaluative standards, values communicated by social agents, and normative influences within a given context help understand differences among competitors in their level of goal achievement.

AGT assumes that the goal-setting process depends on the perceived motivational climate regardless of whether an individual strives to achieve a task and/or ego-involved goal. In task-involving situations, goals set depended on effort and emphasis on improvement, task-focused, and self-referenced (Duda & Appleton, 2016). The feedback provided by key social agents is informational, successful completion of objectives is linked to intrinsic satisfaction, and participants can be involved in the goal-accomplishment evaluation. The goal-setting program recognizes people’s perspectives on its challenge and their input and level of commitment. In circumstances where ego prevails, goal setting is characterized by a preoccupation with outcomes, judgmental feedback, social comparison, and one’s relative ability. Additionally, individuals’ sense of successful or unsuccessful completion of set goals is determined by the nature of offered recognition, and the participant’s contribution is the least concern in the process. Therefore, the method adopted in setting goals influences the level of involvement and achievements in contexts.

The two-goal orientations of AGT, task or ego-involvement, determine different outcomes in achievement contexts. According to Bardach et al. (2020), ego orientation is less adaptive than task orientation. Individuals with the latter select challenging tasks and use effective strategies in pursuing their goals. Moreover, they have positive attitudes towards training and mastering skills and optimistic emotions. Their primary objective is to attain success or avoid failure relative to tasks’ demand or their past performance (Korn & Elliot, 2016). Ego-oriented persons are inclined toward selecting easier tasks and use inconsequential learning approaches. They are mainly concerned about their social status and contemplate escaping or withdrawing when they encounter difficulties. Unlike task-involved athletes, those who are ego-involved are less confident in their competence, and perception of their ability significantly affects the level of success (Korn & Elliot, 2016). Thus, the behavioral, cognition, and participation impacts of the orientations influence the set goals’ achievement.

The motivational climate, which can be either task-involving or ego-involving, in AGT is fundamental to the level of goal achievement. In sports, athletes consider coaches a vital pillar that reinforces high effort, learning, improvement, and cooperation among team members in a task-involving climate (Duda & Treasure, n.d.). Bardach et al. (2020) indicate that the environment is associated with perceived competence, greater enjoyment, higher moral functioning, team cohesion, and adaptive coping strategies. Conversely, sportspersons in an ego-involving setting consider their coach’s positive feedback and social support less significant and more punishment-oriented. The situation is linked with increased performance-related worries and anxiety, a high rate of peer conflict, sports dropout, excuses for poor performances, reduced levels of moral functioning, and self-handicapping among the athletes (Duda & Appleton, 2016). Some participants can even question their personal worth and doubt their competence. Therefore, AGT emphasizes the importance of a motivational climate in understanding the set goals’ level of achievement.


Bardach, L., Oczlon, S., Pietschnig, J., & Lüftenegger, M. (2020). Has achievement goal theory been right? A meta-analysis of the relationship between goal structures and personal achievement goalsJournal of Educational Psychology112(6), 1197-1220.

Bruner, M., Eys, M., & Martin, L. (2020). The power of groups in youth sport. Elsevier Science.

Duda, J., & Appleton, P. (2016). Empowering and disempowering coaching climates: Conceptualization, measurement considerations, and intervention implications. Sport and Exercise Psychology Research, 373-388.

Duda, J., & Treasure, D. (n.d.). Chapter 4: The motivational climate, motivation, and implications for empowering athletes and the promotion of the quality of sports engagement [Ebook]. McGraw-Hill Education.

Korn, R., & Elliot, A. (2016). The 2 × 2 standpoints model of achievement goalsFrontiers in Psychology7.

What Will You Get? is a professional writing service for anyone who needs help with their essay, research paper, or other writing assignments. We provide high-quality content at an affordable price, in a convenient and timely manner.

Premium Quality

Get result-oriented writing and worry no longer about your marks. We adhere to the highest quality standards to ensure you receive flawless assignments. Every essay or paper we complete is thoroughly checked before it reaches the customer--we have a strict quality assurance process in place to produce only the best work.

Expert Writers

Our writers have experience working with papers at all academic levels. You can confidently rely on our skilled professionals' knowledge. We understand that not everyone has the time they need to meet deadlines--to make it easier for our customers, we offer 24/7 support through different channels such as live chat and email so that there's always help when you need it.

On-Time Delivery

Your deadline is our success metric, and we take it extremely seriously. We ensure that you receive your papers before the deadline you choose. You can order an essay and have it delivered to you within 3 hours! If that's not enough for you, we also offer a 24-hour rush option. Don't sweat it! Our writing service can help you brainstorm, find interesting topics, or even do all the work for you. All you have to do is give us a topic and our professional writers will take care of the rest in no time at all.

24/7 Customer Support

There is always a member of our customer service staff available to react to your inquiries. Contact us if you have any questions or concerns. We have access to thousands of experts in multiple fields of study and we have been providing our services for years now. You will never have to worry about quality again — our essays are always original and well-researched. We understand the struggle - we've been there too. That's why we offer our customers 24/7 customer support and fixed prices that are always transparent.

Total Confidentiality

Relax while we help you with the writing of your essays. We have a strict policy regarding the confidentiality of your personal and order-related information. We offer a variety of payment methods including credit cards and PayPal which allows for fast transfer of funds into your account after ordering. You can also make payments at any time using your credit card or when funds are due using PayPal automatic withdrawal from your bank account or credit card balance without having to log into your account.

Authentic Sources

We guarantee that your essay will be thoroughly screened for plagiarism and grammatical issues, as we only use credible, trusted sources. At, everything is done according to your instructions - that means no plagiarism will ever be detected. That also means more money in your pocket as well as a perfect paper to submit as your own work.

Moneyback Guarantee

Still hesitating to place an order? Our 100% Money-Back Guarantee protects you in the unlikely event that you are not happy with the writing.

Preferred essay writer

At any time, hire your favourite essay writer. Simply indicate if you would like your favourite expert to compose your paper, and we will make it happen. We only select the best, most qualified essay writers to join our team. These people have years of experience in essays, research papers, term papers, dissertations, and more. We also prefer to hire essay writers with English as their first language as we want your satisfaction to be guaranteed every time.


Areas of Expertise

Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.

Areas of Expertise

Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.


Trusted Partner of 9950+ Students for Writing

Priority is given to customer pleasure, and we try every day to enhance custom essay writing. We ensure that only the most qualified and knowledgeable writer will complete your project. Your directions will be followed precisely, including all specifics. Editors will proofread each sentence, correct typos, and rectify grammatical and lexical errors.

Professional Essay Writer at Your Service

Quality over quantity is a tenet that Essaywriter adheres to. Our team is the best of the best. In addition, we select writers based on their academic credentials, enabling us to increase the overall field specialization depth! This version enables consumers to buy an essay or any other type of project from our fast paper writing service; just be sure to select the most qualified writer.

Write My Essay Service Helps You Excel!

If you are seeking for a reliable essay writing service that can complete a lengthy report for a reasonable fee, you have come to the perfect place. We recognize that each client has distinct requirements, thus we will tailor each product to meet those specifications! We recognize that it is difficult to balance everything in the agenda. By using our expert writing service, you will no longer need to wonder, "Who can help me with my essay?".


Compared to other essay writing services, our firm cares about its customers and offers premium services that are affordable for any budget. We understand how challenging it can be for students to earn or save money, therefore our costs begin at just $13.99 per page. Because of this, we have a large number of repeat customers that utilize our services frequently. Essaywriter's objective is to provide a cheap online essay service.

Plagiarism Report

You no longer need to be worried about plagiarism. Get a plagiarism report to validate the originality of your work.

Free Features $66FREE

  • Most Qualified Writer $10FREE
  • Plagiarism Scan Report $10FREE
  • Unlimited Revisions $08FREE
  • Paper Formatting $05FREE
  • Cover Page $05FREE
  • Referencing & Bibliography $10FREE
  • Dedicated User Area $08FREE
  • 24/7 Order Tracking $05FREE
  • Periodic Email Alerts $05FREE

Our Services

Join us for the best experience while seeking writing assistance in your college life. A good grade is all you need to boost up your academic excellence and we are all about it.

  • On-time Delivery
  • 24/7 Order Tracking
  • Access to Authentic Sources
Academic Writing

We create perfect papers according to the guidelines.

Professional Editing

We seamlessly edit out errors from your papers.

Thorough Proofreading

We thoroughly read your final draft to identify errors.


Hire Your Personal Essay Writer Today

With our essay service, you'll find an essay writer for any task. Their rating is based on previous customer reviews and successful orders. Before you hire a writer, you can familiarize yourself with their track record in detail!

Check Out Our Sample Work

Dedication. Quality. Commitment. Punctuality


It May Not Be Much, but It’s Honest Work!

Here is what we have achieved so far. These numbers are evidence that we go the extra mile to make your college journey successful.


Happy Clients


Words Written This Week


Ongoing Orders


Customer Satisfaction Rate

Process as Fine as Brewed Coffee

We have the most intuitive and minimalistic process so that you can easily place an order. Just follow a few steps to unlock success.

See How We Helped 9000+ Students Achieve Success


Why students choose Essaywriter Essay writing service?

Essaywriter is a reputable, trustworthy, rapid, and well regarded online essay writing service that offers cheap, high-quality papers. We offer an exceptional service and a multitude of outstanding features, including:

Our authors offer the greatest essay writing service since they hold degrees in a variety of fields. From MBA to law to nursing to business, we cover nearly every degree. Our writers can compose any type of essay, including creative, critical, and scientific articles. We employ the greatest writers in the United States to ensure that you obtain the best essay writing services.

  • Clear elicitation of your requirements.
  • Customized writing as per your needs.

Essaywriter Offers an Outstanding Essay Writing Service with No Risks

We recognize that ordering an essay online may appear intimidating. There is a possibility that the quality or formatting will be inadequate. When working with tight schedules, these dangers cannot be tolerated. Therefore, we evaluate the degrees and qualifications of our authors before hiring them. Our writers are actual persons, and we evaluate samples of their past work to ensure that it corresponds to all American university criteria. We mitigate the hazards, so you can feel secure knowing you're collaborating with a reliable professional essay writing service.

  • Proactive analysis of your writing.
  • 24/7 proffesional customer service.

Hire a Skilled Essay Writer and Get More Done!

Are you entirely overwhelmed by work? Having difficulty juggling everyday, work, and other responsibilities? You've come to the right location, as we will alleviate your concerns. Request "write my paper for me," and we will provide you with access to hundreds of competent and experienced writers. Choose an essay writer, provide them with all of your instructions, and then catch up on work or other responsibilities, secure in the knowing that you will receive a high-quality assignment before the deadline.

  • 100 percent unique content based on the instructions you provide.
  • we offer top-notch essay writing service to boost your grades.
Place an Order Start Chat Now